What is the difference between a contract of employment and a mandate agreement?

The two most popular forms of employment in Poland – under an employment contract and under a mandate agreement.

βœ… Employment contract

Employee rights in the case of employment contracts are regulated by the Labor Code.
The employment contract guarantees:

  • πŸ“Œ Minimum salary (3010 PLN gross, or 2364 PLN net);
  • πŸ“Œ sickness and health insurance;
  • πŸ“Œ The right to paid vacation leave of no less than 20 days per year;
  • πŸ“Œ right to maternity leave and leave on demand;
  • πŸ“Œ the right to compensation for overtime work;


An employee employed under a contract of employment has specific hours and place of work and instructions from the employer regarding the work to be performed.

βœ… Mandate agreement.

Employee rights are governed by the Civil Code
The mandate agreement fills in:

  • πŸ“Œ a minimum hourly rate (19.70 PLN gross or 14.47 net);
  • πŸ“Œ Right to maternity leave only if enrolled in voluntary sickness insurance;
  • πŸ“Œ sickness insurance is voluntary and contributions are paid by the employee.

The mandate agreement does NOT provide:

  • Paid annual leave;
  • The right to leave on demand;
  • overtime compensation.

An employee employed under a mandate agreement has flexible hours and does not have a specific work location.
A mandate agreement can be terminated at any time.